Takeaways from Tibor Nagy’s Visit to La Republique du Cameroun
America’s Undersecretary of State for Africa, Tibor Nagy, recently rounded up a brief trip to some African countries including La Republique du Cameroun (LRC). Prior to his visit to LRC, Tibor Nagy granted interviews in France and South Africa signaling his mission to LRC will center on the Ambazonian liberation conflict. Irrespective of America’s geopolitical interest and the fight against Boko Haram, the Ambazonian liberation struggle has become the most important security, humanitarian and human rights issue between Washington and Yaoundé. Importantly, Washington considers Ambazonians as a people with the right to self-determination.
Barely a month before Tibor Nagy’s visit, the US Departments of State and Defense significantly reduced military aid to LRC. Though no specific details were released on the this military sanction, the US applied Leahy Laws which oblige the American government to terminate military relations with any partner country whose military grossly violates human rights. According to CNN, “the US intends to “terminate” over $17 million in security aid, including funds for radars, four defender-class patrol boats, nine armored vehicles, training programs for C-130 airplanes and helicopters and the withdrawal of an offer for Cameroon to be a candidate for the State Partnership Program.” This demonstrates Washington has enough evidence that LRC military is seriously engaged in excessive human rights violations including “targeted killings, detentions without access to legal support, family, or the Red Cross, and burning and looting of villages.”
In addition to suspending military aid, the Undersecretary raised the possibility of referring the Ambazonian conflict to an international forum. Though he did not mention any specific international forum, there is high probability the United States may refer the conflict to the Security Council of the United Nations. Washington demonstrates the gross violations of human rights now warrants an international humanitarian intervention. Though LRC will object on grounds of territorial integrity and state sovereignty, international law and practice have developed to the effect that humanitarian considerations trump state sovereignty. Evidently, Washington is fully aware that LRC has lost control of the Ambazonian conflict and cannot singlehandedly regain such control. Similarly, it is equally possible that Washington has recognized Ambazonia’s determination and capability to repel LRC.
Also, Washington like other international players notably the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights assert that Ambazonians have the right to self-determination. By consistently referring to Ambazonians as “Anglophone population” and calling for both sides to dialogue without pre-conditions, Washington recognizes Ambazonian legitimate right to self-determination under international law. Importantly, Tibor Nagy understands the current armed conflict is “a long-term historical crisis that goes back decades. It goes back to the union of the two parts of Cameroon. It goes back to the fact that the anglophone population of Cameroon have felt like second-class citizens for a long time.” By highlighting the “union” of the two Cameroons, Washington understands an international boundary separates the Ambazonia from LRC and the two countries represent different “peoples” under international law.
Interestingly, despite the military aid and personnel training offered to LRC recently, Tibor Nagy compares the Ambazonian conflict to the Vietnam war. He expressly warns LRC to remember that despite having a well-trained Army and using sophisticated weapons, America lost the Vietnam war. Aware of LRC’s military prowess, Washington raises this important element for possibly three significant reasons. First, LRC’s military arsenal and financial resources cannot sustain a long-term guerrilla warfare because Washington demonstrates more fact-based reasoning. Tibor Nagy understands the Ambazonian population supports Restoration Forces against LRC. Second, Tibor Nagy’s failure to outrightly condemn the constitution of Restoration forces indicates Washington recognizes Ambazonia’s right to self-defense. Thirdly, Washington understands the conflict is totally provoked by LRC and the people of Ambazonia identify with Ambazonian liberation movements acting in their defense.
Importantly, Tibor showed great mastery of the conflict. Three of his declarations are worthy of note. Reacting to claims that Ambazonians living in the USA are sponsoring terrorism in LRC threatening to destabilize LRC, Tibor requested LRC supplies names of suspects and if Washington finds any compelling evidence that the accused have violated American Laws, American Courts will try them. This assertion outrightly flattened LRC’s claims that the USA will immediately return political activists to LRC. Unfortunately for LRC the USA is a state of law and the executive complies with judicial decisions. Besides the significance of the rule of law, Tibor referred to Restoration fighters as “Amba Boys”- a name commonly used in normal parlance in Ambazonia. Also, Tibor confessed he receives daily reports with images of gross human rights committed daily.
Conclusively, American diplomatic conversations around the