FAILED DECOLONIZATION AND ANNEXATION OF AMBAZONIA
So you may ask yourself: if Ambazonia is a completely different country, how did these two countries come into contact?
Ambazonia was the country which hosted millions of refugees from Cameroon fleeing the civil war raging in that country in the late 1950s. They came and were surprised at the level of freedom and democracy in Ambazonia. And so started a campaign about one German Kamerun. Through this influence, in 1961, the United Nations attempted to join the two countries in what it called a “federation of two states equal in status” but the attempt failed, as no agreement was ever reached, not even a shred of paper signed. Britain which was the administering authority over the UN Trust Territory of the Southern Cameroons treacherously, in connivance with France, handed over the instruments of power to the foreign country of Cameroon and hurriedly left.
This was all European conspiracy of trading Africans like chattel and cattle! Cameroon moved in with its troops and forcefully occupied the territory of Ambazonia, which had an elected government, a multi-party system, a parliament, a House of Chiefs, a Constitution, a civil service and all state structures and was governing itself. Cameroon veiled its occupation with an imposed federation unilaterally declared by its president, Amadou Ahidjo. Since then, Ambazonians have been fighting to assert their right over their own space of existence on earth, the Ambazonian territory.
Why did you not hear the struggle before now? Because Cameroon has been spending millions and paying international news media to hide the story; because there was no social media; because it takes time to conscientise the people; to mobilise the people and develop their awareness, just as it took time for Africans to muster the courage to oppose the Whiteman and for the apartheid struggle to grain traction; just as it took time to overthrow slave trade!
SOME FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE AFRICAN UNION
I invite you to see some of the international laws that apply to this case:
- OAU Cairo Declaration 1964: “… Africans are virtually unanimous in their agreement that only by acceptance of the frontiers bequeathed to them by the colonialists can permanent peace reign on our continent”.
· African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights:
· Article 19: All peoples shall be equal; they shall enjoy the same respect and shall have the same rights. Nothing shall justify the domination of a people by another.
- Article 20
1. All peoples shall have the right to existence. They shall have the unquestionable and inalienable right to self- determination. They shall freely determine their political status and shall pursue their economic and social development according to the policy they have freely chosen.
2. Colonized or oppressed peoples shall have the right to free themselves from the bonds of domination by resorting to any means recognized by the international community.
- Article 4(b) of the Constitutive Act:
…the respect of borders acquired at independence.
By joining the African Union, Cameroon undertook to confine its claims and sovereignty to the boundaries of the territory it inherited from colonisation. That territory does not include the Southern Cameroons.
- UN General Assembly Res. 1514(XV) of 14 Dec. 1960:
1. “The subjection of peoples to alien subjugation, domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of fundamental human rights, is contrary to the Charter of the United Nations and is an impediment to the promotion of world peace and co-operation.
2. “All PEOPLES have the right to self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development;
3. “Inadequacy of political, economic, social or educational preparedness should never serve as a pretext for delaying independence;
4. “All armed action or repressive measures of all kind directed against dependent peoples shall ease in order to enable them to exercise peacefully and freely their right to complete independence, and the integrity of their national territory shall be respected;
5. “Immediate steps shall be taken in trust territories, non-self-governing territories or all other territories which have not yet attained independence, to transfer al powers to the peoples of those territories without any conditions or reservations in accordance with their freely expressed will and desire without any distinction as to race, creed or color, in order to enable them enjoy complete independence and freedom.”
Julius Nyerere of blessed memory: “No nation has a right to make decision for another nation; no people for another people”. The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Article 19 has also absolutely prohibited it: «All peoples shall be equal; they shall enjoy the same respect and have the same rights. Nothing shall justify the domination of a people by another.»